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How To Setup and Use a CPAP Device

How To Setup and Use a CPAP Device

You’ve been diagnosed with Sleep Apnea, ordered your CPAP supplies, and now you’re wondering where to start. We will help you. We will show you how to use CPAP machines and equipment.

These general instructions will guide you through setting up and using a sleep apnea machine. We’ll also send CPAP therapy advice so you can acclimatise fast when your machine arrives.

CPAP Filter Setup

First, check your CPAP filters. Foam, paper, or bacterium filters? CPAP air intakes have reusable foam filters. If you’re also using a disposable filter, place the paper filter inside the machine first.

Bacteria filter is difficult. If you use a humidifier, install this filter on the humidifier’s air intake instead of your CPAP. If you don’t use a humidifier, the bacteria filter is at the CPAP’s air intake. Once it’s in place, attach your CPAP hose. Learn more about CPAP’s air intake.

Attach a heated tube and bacteria filter between the hose and mask.

CPAP Mask and Hose Attachment

Attach your hose to your CPAP or humidifier’s air outlet, depending on your treatment. Check if your hose is standard or slender if you have problems.

Your CPAP machine must have a setting to accommodate 15mm hoses. Some small CPAP machines need a hose adapter for the 22mm hose cuff.

Most CPAP hoses feature a 22mm connector cuff that fits all CPAP masks. The AirMini requires a unique elbow and tubing to connect to ResMed masks. If you have difficulties connecting, check to be sure your mask doesn’t have a swivel.

If your hard-cuffed hose connection isn’t tight, try a flexi-tube adaptor.

How To Setup and Use a CPAP Device

Wearing your CPAP mask properly

Hopefully, when ordering your mask, you consulted the measuring chart to select the right size and form for your face and your sleep position. Even with these methods, you may need to make minor modifications to your CPAP mask.

Sit on the bed’s edge to begin. Put the mask on loosely. Then lie down as if to sleep. Pull the straps evenly on both sides until comfortable – not too tight! After setting up your equipment, check for leaks and make adjustments.

Consider a CPAP pillow. Some CPAP masks are bulky, making it difficult to sleep in a favorite position. CPAP pillows solve this issue.

These pillows include cutouts for masks. This makes it less likely that the cushion will break the seal.

Consider a CPAP mask with a clear view. 

Full face, nasal pillow, and nasal CPAP masks with wide viewing angles make reading, watching TV, or texting simple. There’s a mask with an unobstructed field of vision for every style.

How To Setup and Use a CPAP Device

Anyone who’s attempted to be productive wearing a cumbersome mask before night knows how hard that is. Before starting CPAP, get a low-profile mask. Example:

Before using a CPAP mask, wash your face. 

This reduces silicone wear and improves mask seal. Faces that have been washed are less greasy and make a better mask seal. Unwashed faces have a thin layer of oils that make CPAP mask sealing problematic.

Setting CPAP Pressure

Your new CPAP machine will ship with the correct pressure, as prescribed. So, when the machine arrives at your house, it will already have the correct pressure setting.

Your doctor will calculate the optimum CPAP pressure during your sleep study. Adjusting your pressure without visiting your doctor is not recommended. Without the right treatment, your therapy may be less effective.

Humidifier Setup

Most individuals need a humidifier. Humidifiers supply moisture to CPAP therapy air, preventing dry noses and mouths. Some machines incorporate humidifiers, while others sell them separately. If you need one, include it in your new machine budget.

To use a humidifier, fill the water chamber (which should have a line etched on it) with distilled water. Use distilled water. Tap water leaves a thick coating in your water chamber that’s hard to clean. Some households have bad tap water. You’ll be breathing in the humidifier’s water, so it must be clean.

How To Setup and Use a CPAP Device

Cleaning your humidifier depends on the water you use. As previously indicated, tap water forms a chalky layer. Vinegar cuts through chalky residues better than soap and water while cleaning.

Using a humidifier makes therapy easier. You’re losing out if you’ve never used a humidifier with CPAP. Humidifiers add moisture to your treatment air, which helps reduce dryness from your sinuses or mouth. Pressurized air can leave you dry and parched without a humidifier. This is a typical CPAP frustration, but it’s easily addressed.

Turning on CPAP Device

Now you can use a CPAP. You’ve assembled everything, so begin CPAP therapy. Place your machine on a flat, sturdy platform near your bed, leaving the vents 12 inches from walls, bedding, or drapes. Choose a heavy-duty extension cord if needed.

After washing your face, insert and secure your CPAP mask. Turn on your CPAP when comfortable. As the pressure rises, relax and breathe evenly. If the pressure appears high, use the “ramp” feature. A “ramp” characteristic gradually increases the pressure from low to high.

Cleaning Up a CPAP Machine

After a while, it’s time to clean your CPAP machine. Some tips:

  • Wipe the machine’s exterior to eliminate dust and grime.
  • Rinse the hose with vinegar or mild soapy water.
  • Before using, let the hose drip dry.

Most of the CPAP machine cleaning is done on the mask. Over time, the mask collects skin (facial) oils and mouth/nose deposits and must be cleansed and sterilised. Clean a mask using these steps:

  • Remove the headpiece and cushion from the CPAP mask.
  • Soak headpiece in soapy warm water. To avoid damaging the material, use fragrance- and color-free soap.
  • After cleaning the headpiece, remove all soap residue.
  • Dry headwear.
  • Soap gentle, fragrance-free soap on the cushions. Remove cushion deposits.
  • Drain
  • Remove deposits from the frame.
  • Assemble the mask when dry. The mask is ready.

More to read: Common CPAP Mistakes and How to Resolve Them

Common CPAP machines available in Australia

Common CPAP machines available in Australia

There are three main types of CPAP machines available in Australia.

CPAP masks with a whole face

This is the kind of CPAP machine that is used most often for CPAP therapy. This mask, as suggested by its name, covers the nose, mouth, and part of the face. It helps to give the most protection against leaks by having a strong seal. It is often hard to seal off without taking it off. This mask is extensively used at the moment. Some people who use the mask could feel claustrophobic. People also mention how the size of the mask can make it difficult for them to watch TV or read.

CPAP nasal masks

For people who prefer to read in bed, it could be challenging to do so given the time needed how to use a cpap machine. They could have trouble reading if they’re wearing a full face mask since their line of sight can be obstructive. You can read your material with ease thanks to the more compact design of CPAP nasal masks, which do not entirely cover the nose.

Related: Easily use your CPAP machine with these compliance tips

CPAP nasal pillows

If you want to buy a CPAP machine online, try CPAP nasal pillows. The development of technology compelled us to think beyond the confines of traditional masks and develop fresh methods for delivering pressure directly to the user’s air canals. Nasal cushions are the answer to this. These pillows, which are little objects that are attached to each air tube carried by a CPAP machine, aren’t exactly masks. The pillows include an opening at the end of those tubes that may be placed directly into the nose to avoid occlusion while you sleep.

What Factors must You Take into account before buying a CPAP mask online?

Now that we are aware of the many CPAP machine types that can be purchased, the following considerations should be made before choosing a CPAP mask.


Taking into account what makes you comfortable may help you make a choice. Make sure the seals are in place and that you can wear the mask for lengthy periods of time without experiencing any pain before judging your degree of comfort.

Common CPAP machines available in Australia

Sleeping practices

How you sleep will also have an impact on the CPAP machine you choose. If you often toss and turn while you sleep, the standard mask won’t work.

Size and sealing of the mask

Take into account the mask’s size when making a CPAP mask purchase. A suitable mask should be selected depending on the pressure and fit.

Information on therapy and equipment

If it is advised that you start treatment at a higher pressure, you will need a mask that can tolerate it. Some gadgets will have specifications for their own masks. As a result, you may decide what to use depending on that.

Follow these five easy steps to get the best-fitting CPAP mask:

Recognize how to sleep

This stage is really important if you’re looking for the best CPAP machine for the first time. When they are sleeping, some individuals like to breathe through their lips. Some individuals never breathe through their lips; they only breathe through their nostrils. While drifting off to sleep, some people first breathe through their lips before switching to their nostrils. How do you figure out what you sleep like? If you are uncertain, ask someone! Your bedmate would be knowledgeable. Whether a friend or member of your family has seen you sleeping, ask them if you should spend the night alone. Once you are aware of your sleeping patterns, you may start to think about different CPAP machine models.

Do you Alternate Your Position While You Sleep?

The seal between the mask and the face may break as a result of frequent position changes as you sleep, which may be painful for you since air begins to shoot out the side and may mean you need a new mask. The first step in choosing the finest CPAP machine is to be aware of how you sleep.

Common CPAP machines available in Australia

Do you inhale or exhale via your nose or mouth?

A nasal or nasal cushion CPAP mask can be the most comfortable choice for you if you exclusively breathe through your nose. Start thinking about full-face or hybrid CPAP mask solutions if you like to breathe via your mouth and nose while you sleep. A hybrid CPAP mask comes with both a mouthpiece attachment and a nasal cushion attachment. You may still use a nasal mask or nasal cushion if you have a chinstrap to keep your lips together and breathe through your mouth.

Choose the CPAP mask size that you need.

This period could be the most confusing for CPAP newbies. It can be difficult because of its size.

Mask sizes are one item to keep in mind. Masks come in a wide range of sizes, including extremely small, tiny, small, medium, large, and extra-large.

Examples are the CPAP devices for small faces. In the language of another brand, a giant can be extra-large. As an alternative, you could need CPAP masks for wide faces, depending on the type. To establish the size you need before making a purchase, you may print out a PDF fitting guide from many of our mask pages.

Most nasal and full-face masks come with a fitting instructions for CPAP devices. You should not use one CPAP machine fitting guide to determine the size of a different kind of mask since mask fitting guidelines are specific to each type of mask.

Purchase a New CPAP Mask

After measuring your face and following a CPAP mask fitting guide, you can now buy a mask. If you can, get a few different masks (and purchase Return Insurance so you can return used masks for a full refund). Or follow this professional advice and only buy masks that have free return insurance. Remember that if you do not have Return Insurance from CPAP.com, you cannot return a used CPAP machine. When your new CPAP masks come, try each one on and then tinker with the tightness until you feel comfortable.

Easily use your CPAP machine with these compliance tips

Easily use your CPAP machine with these compliance tips

Our patients often experience feelings of anxiety and distress after receiving an obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) diagnosis. To be absolutely honest, it won’t be simple to switch to long-term sleep treatment. Many patients struggle to continue their sleep treatment after their first or even second try.

It may take some getting used to wearing a face mask with compressed air, and adaptation takes time. Every patient is unique, and recovery times vary. Our team has seen that it normally takes our patients two to six weeks to get totally used to using their CPAP machine.

What’s the purpose of obtaining advice, having a sleep study done, buying cpap machine, then stopping your therapy after a few difficult transitional nights? When individuals fall into this habit, we see many patients putting their long-term health at risk. Learn more factors you should consider before selecting a CPAP machine.

What is CPAP Compliance so crucial?

Using the CPAP machine for at least four hours each night and on at least 70% of nights is considered to be CPAP compliance.

Although it may seem like a simple criterion to satisfy, CPAP treatment may be difficult, and even long-term users sometimes have difficulties.

Easily use your CPAP machine with these compliance tips

At the beginning of their CPAP adventure, almost all patients may relate to some rather typical CPAP treatment issues.

These difficulties include claustrophobia, device fitting, dry mouth, air leakage, and skin rashes.

Each issue has the potential to lead a patient to stop their treatment.

Here are some vital pointers for improving your CPAP compliance success:

Inform Yourself

The significance of being informed as a new CPAP machine user cannot be overstated. Speak with your sleep medicine provider, look for unbiased information sources, study the instruction manuals that came with your device, and ask questions as they arise.

All of these actions may help you become a more knowledgeable CPAP machine user. Knowing your health concerns and how a lack of sleep affects your general health may sometimes help you concentrate on using your CPAP machine.

Check Out Your Gear

Some machines offer a RAMP function that enables users to begin the night at a lower pressure and increase it to the recommended level after they have drifted off to sleep.

Both ResMed and Respironics devices contain a function called EPR that allows users to choose between using reduced pressure on the exhale and the recommended pressure on the inhale.

These extra features can occasionally aid new users in getting used to the pressure and their CPAP mask. You may turn off these extra features after you’ve switched over to using your CPAP machine for compliance.

Begin slowly

Starting off slowly is quite OK, and we even advise it. Use your mask when you slumber or whenever you feel weary.

We advise beginning by putting on your mask whenever you feel weary, napping in the middle of the day, or unwinding when lying down. As you become used to wearing your mask while breathing compressed air, you’ll start to teach yourself to feel at ease and calm.

Adhere to a sleeping schedule

Include using CPAP in your nighttime routine. While you are getting used to using your CPAP machine, it’s crucial to maintain your regular sleeping schedule.

Again, this aids in teaching your body and mind that it is time for bed and that using a CPAP is a necessary aspect of getting some rest. Finding a decent rhythm may be challenging, so feel free to change your practice to suit your needs.

Try using a humidifier.

Lips, eyes, or nostrils that are dry. It’s great if you haven’t encountered CPAP-related dryness, but if you have, you already understand how uncomfortable it can be.

A humidifier may easily and swiftly solve the problem for the consumer. There are built-in humidifiers and settings that automatically adapt to your preferences on many devices.

Easily use your CPAP machine with these compliance tips

Keep Track of Your Progress

Although it can seem a little strange to some, keeping note of your real progress and adjustments enables your sleep medicine practitioner to make additional adjustments, provide guidance, and support you in achieving your goals.

Setting up specific objectives and taking concrete actions to reach them will help keep you on track with your CPAP treatment.

Stress-Reduction Methods

While you’re getting used to your CPAP machine, try these alternate relaxing methods. You have a variety of alternatives to assist you cope with the challenging process of using your CPAP, including mindful breathing, counting, noises, and other calming activities.

DIY Treatments

Try using natural methods to lessen OSA symptoms. Natural strategies to lessen certain OSA symptoms include losing weight, quitting smoking and drinking alcohol, addressing acid reflux, and changing your sleeping posture.

These may not be effective for everyone, but they won’t harm either.

Discover Support Groups

There are a lot of online forums and organizations where you may find others who share your experiences. Locate them and ask them their opinions.

Speak with your sleep therapist

Make sure your sleep therapist follows up with you. While a competent sleep clinic will be in touch with you along the transition, they need to be more visible when you initially start your sleep journey. Call them or look for another sleep center if they haven’t been in touch with you.

Final Thoughts

These suggestions will aid with your CPAP use adjustment, even if this isn’t your first time wearing it. You may be surprised by the positive effects on your general health that a few little changes to your sleep hygiene can have. Finding the appropriate mix of routines and tips might be the difference between successfully using your CPAP treatment and stopping it altogether.

Factors you should consider before selecting a CPAP machine

Factors you should consider before selecting a CPAP machine

When it comes to treating obstructive sleep apnea, many people focus on their CPAP machine. It is impossible to discount the benefits of a top-notch CPAP machine. By providing pressurized air constantly throughout the night, it may stop your airways from closing, preventing nightly sleep disruptions. But just as important to it as the mask is the CPAP machine you use with it.

To pick the ideal CPAP machine for your needs, you must consider a number of important factors. There is no one approach that works for everyone; ultimately, the perfect mask depends on your preferences. Finding the right fit might help you prevent air leaks and other issues that could lessen the effectiveness of your treatment.

Understanding the Different Types of CPAP Machines

There are three primary types of cpap machines used to treat sleep apnea:

Full-face machine covers the mouth and nostrils. Despite being the biggest machine, they should be used by those who breathe through their lips while they sleep. More simple designs have lately been created to reduce the feeling of claustrophobia or vision impairment when using these machines.

Nasal CPAP machines are the most common kind. These are little, triangular devices that fit over the nose and are held in place by a number of straps and cushions. The best candidates for these devices are individuals who breathe via their nose while sleeping with their lips closed.

Factors you should consider before selecting a CPAP machine

Nasal pillow devices are the tiniest sort of machinery. The nasal pillows are positioned within the nostrils. Due to their little size, they are a popular choice for those who may feel claustrophobic while wearing a larger mask. Furthermore, it is believed that those with narrow nose bridges or other facial characteristics that may render a nasal mask or full-face mask leaky are good candidates for them.

Sleep Position

The kind of mask that will work best for you may be greatly influenced by your sleeping position. The mask may press uncomfortable on your face or cause air leaks depending on how you sleep.

For side sleepers, nose cushions and nasal machines are often advised. The seal is unaffected by how your head is resting on the nasal cushion. Users of larger nose machines should choose a soft, adjustable headpiece rather than a hard plastic one to achieve a high-quality seal.

Despite having a higher risk of sleep apnea occurrences, those who sleep on their backs may still pick any kind of mask. Full face masks, nose masks, and nasal pillows all work well and are unlikely to dislodge during this sleeping position.

It’s unusual to sleep on one’s stomach and using a CPAP machine while doing so may be difficult. A nasal pillow is often the best option for stomach sleepers since it won’t put as much strain on your face and neck and is less likely to get dislodged. If you want to use another mask, you may need to buy a different cushion.

Another consideration is whether or not you roll over when you sleep. Make sure the mask will function properly even if you shift around and change positions during the course of the night. It is often suggested to use a mask with tubes that go up or over the top of the head in these situations.

Size Matters

Along with picking the ideal kind of mask for your needs, you must ensure that your CPAP machine is the right size. Unfortunately, there is no standard machine size in the industry. Some manufacturers provide a variety of sizing choices, while other machines come with a number of different cushion sizes, so you may find the perfect fit for your face.

The measurements that matter most for mask sizing are typically the distance between your eyes, the width of your upper lip, the diameter of your head, the length of your nose’s bridge to its base, and the distance between your eyes.

Many vendors will give you a measuring instrument to help with these measurements and a range of measurements for different mask sizes. The right size will properly fit your face and significantly reduce the likelihood of air leaks and other problems.

Finally, remember that even if the mask is the proper size, you will need to adjust the straps after donning it. The straps should be adjusted so that they are snug but still offer a good seal against your skin.

Factors you should consider before selecting a CPAP machine

Selecting the Ideal Fit

Even after taking into consideration everything said above, your new CPAP machine may still give you trouble. Blisters on your face, excessive air leakage, or an uncomfortable fit shouldn’t be tolerated. In fact, these issues can make it impossible for your CPAP machine therapy to work. If you have worries about your mask, speak with your sleep doctor, and try to find a suitable replacement mask together.

The term compliance may have previously come up in conversation with your physician or a rheumatologist. It’s important to use your CPAP machine as directed to be “compliant.” The majority of patients establish a pattern of either compliance or noncompliance during the first week of therapy. “Noncompliance” is when you don’t follow your therapist’s recommendations, such as not wearing your mask often or long enough. Anyone who has attempted to sleep while wearing a mask that forces air into their mouth or nose can confirm that it is not an easy task. Unfortunately, a lot of patients have trouble sticking to their CPAP machine treatment.

It’s not only you that finds it challenging to put on your mask each night. Statistics over the last 20 years show that up to 35% of patients who get CPAP machine treatments fail to stick to the prescribed schedule. Every night, some individuals utilize their computer for a little period of time, while others stop using it altogether.

People struggle to cooperate for a number of reasons. The pressurized air makes it difficult for them to fall asleep, the mask doesn’t fit properly, or the tubes clog up when they lay on their sides. Many people just stop receiving therapy completely, while others ask for help, try with other equipment, or alter their environment.

If you are a pilot, a professional driver, or have an insurance provider that keeps track of compliance, it can be a major problem. The majority of modern CPAP machines contain sophisticated usage monitoring features. It is also feasible to monitor information precisely and send it automatically to your doctor, insurance company, or employer.

Your ability to keep your job or get insurance coverage for your equipment may suffer greatly if you don’t adhere to treatment recommendations. Naturally, coping with these financial repercussions may be quite stressful when you’re adjusting to therapy. However, many people perceive the serious health effects of noncompliance to be the most worrying.